A general programme of how we are carrying out this investigation:-

(Current status indicators are printed in blue)

Preliminary literature research

- Analysing the surviving moxibustion literature of traditional oriental medicine from the last two thousand years.(completed)

- Resourcing and analysing the key scientific papers on treatment of TB with moxa from Japan (in Japanese). (completed)

- Resourcing and analysing the key scientific papers on the immunological and histological effects of moxa (in Japanese). (completed)

- Collating the above and publishing accordingly. (completed: a two-part paper published by the European Journal of Oriental Medicine on immunological responses to moxa; and a further two-part paper publsihed by the North American Journal of Oriental Medicine.)

Conducting our own primary research

- On temperatures at base of moxa cones of different sizes and with different types of moxa.(Completed - results published in the North American Journal of Oriental Medicine)

Establishing collaborative partnerships including training healthworkers

- A fact finding feasibility study establishing how African health workers and patients might receive the idea of moxa treatment . (Trip completed to Lyantonde, Uganda. December 2009)


- Developing a collaborative partnership with the Kiswa and Kisenyi Health Centres in Kampala and training selected health workers in the moxa protocol, who in turn will train TB patients' cares in a daily regime.(Began March 2010 - completed May 2011)

Allen Magezi & Sister Magdalene Ichumar at Kiswa

- Developing further similar collaborative partnerships as opportunities arise.

(Begun March 2011 in New Crossroads, Nyanga, Capetown, and in Robertson, South Africa. Ongoing)

.the carers learning moxa skills at Nyanga

- Collaboratively refining appropriate treatment protocols in each facility to suit local challenges.(completed)

- Agreeing simple and flexible feedback systems for the purpose of later general data analysis from each facility and maintaining data retrieval at monthly intervals. (completed)


Developing a research project with an African University to confirm validity of any reported treatment benefits from the facilities

(Currently in process - a Phase II RCT with Makerere University Medical School [Department of Pharmacology and Therapeutics], Kampala, Uganda. Expected to complete May/June 2013)

And finally -

Subject to overall analysis and assessment of results, to publicise the results in any appropriate media in order to facilitate wider implementation of moxa treatment for TB in the developing world and to encourage further more focused research in other universities in Africa and India.